Type 2 Diabetes is a condition in which your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.
More common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
Manage your Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes Self-Management Education Program (DSME)
When you have diabetes it's especially important to stay healthy, although sometimes it isn't easy. You don't have to do it alone, though. When you attend a Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) program, a diabetes educator will help you find solutions to staying healthy that fit into your lifestyle. With a healthcare provider referral, diabetes education is covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and most insurance plans.
Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Prediabetes is a condition characterized by blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Prediabetes is treatable, but only about 10 percent of people who have it are aware that they do. Left untreated up to one-third of people with prediabetes will progress to diabetes within five years.
How do I know if I'm at high-risk for prediabetes?
Answer the questions below to find out your risk. For each "YES" answer add the number of points shown. All "No" answers are 0 points.
If your score is 9 or higher, you may be at risk for prediabetes or diabetes, and may qualify for DPP.
An Idaho Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) can help you take charge of your health to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. DPP classes meet once a week for 16 weeks, and then once a month for eight months to maintain healthy lifestyle changes. If you have prediabetes, enrolling in DPP can help you prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
In order to qualify for the DPP, participants must:
- Be overweight BMI greater than or equal to 24; greater than or equal to 22 if Asian.
- Have established risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes; or
- Have been diagnosed with prediabetes within the past year or previously diagnosed with gestational diabetes.